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26.7.2011 Umfrage zur Enforcement-Richtlinie

Die EU-Kommission hat eine Zusammenstellung der Antworten auf ihre Umfrage zur Anwendung der Enforcement Richtlinie veröffentlicht. Ein Schwerpunkt liegt hierbei auf der Verantwortlichkeit von Diensteanbietern für Rechtsverletzungen ihrer Nutzer.

Während Verwertungsgesellschaften und Rechteinhaber hier erwartungsgemäß Verschärfungen fordern, sehen das die Anbieter anders.

 

The majority of rightholders and collecting societies demanded a greater involvement of internet service providers and other intermediaries, identifying them as key actors in combating IPR infringements in the digital world. While most of the rightholders were calling for a closer cooperation with intermediaries, only a few of them actively advocated the implementation of filtering / monitoring technologies or a duty of care principle (e.g. for intermediaries that actively use, present, organise or modify third parties' content for commercial purposes).

 

bzw.

 

Most of the ISPs/telecommunication operators stressed that intermediaries are not the infringers and that they are typically not in a position to make qualitative judgments as to the legality of certain content. These ISPs therefore considered that injunctions should remain limited to the elimination of a concrete and actual infringement, and not apply in view of possible future infringements. Filtering and/or monitoring obligations were strongly opposed by almost all ISPs and telecommunication operators. They claimed this would be incompatible with the prohibition, in the E-Commerce Directive, of general monitoring obligations, extremely costly, easy to circumvent and would have negative effects on the overall performance of the networks. Some ISPs took, furthermore, the view that interlocutory (provisional) injunctions used as an enforcement remedy, are particularly damaging for startups, taking into account their lower evidence requirements. As the costs of a subsequent court case would often be too high for startups, the interlocutory injunction would often be a definitive judgment, terminating the startup's market entry.

 

Zur Diskussion steht auch eine nähere Ausgestaltung eines Notice-And-Take-Down-Verfahrens:

 

A number of rightholders and collecting societies called for European rules on NTD procedures. Academics proposed to improve the current NTD procedures, in particular by providing for a mechanism that would allow for a digital identification of protected content, and thus prevent a repetition of the infringement once the content has been taken down.


   

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